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Geoscan Pioneer Assembly And Operating Instructions Manual

Made by: Geoscan
Type: Assembly And Operating Instructions
Category: Drones
Pages: 15
Size: 4.36 MB


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Quadcopter Assembly and 

Operation Manual

Ver. 2.0


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Box contents
Quadcopter Assembly

Preparation for flight
Control and flight modes
Storage, transportation and disposal
Li-Po batteries usage
If something goes wrong




YouTube Geoscan Pioneer 




Instagram account.

Geoscan.aero forum.

Pioneer page at Geoscan website 



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In the box:

RH rotation propeller (4 pc.)

Protection arch (8 pc.)

Protection bar (8 pc.)

Protection base (4 pc.)



USB cable

Main board

LH rotation propeller (4 pc.)

Congratulations on your purchase of Geoscan Pioneer assembly kit! This kit is the base kit for a range of products. Using 

additional modules produced by Geoscan, you can create various copter designs, perform flights in manual control mode and 

autonomous flights according to the programmed flight task. 

The company is constantly working on creating new additional modules that expand the capacities and the scope of use of 

Pioneer quadcopter.

The features of additional modules and systems are described on the website of the company «Geoscan» and in the 


Pioneer kit description, specification and figures included in the manual are relevant at the date of publication. Geoscan company 

reserves the right to change the product design and specification without notice.

Pioneer quadcopter is a highly engineered product. For safe and fault-free operation, the rules set out in the Safety Guide must be 

strictly observed.

When using the quadcopter, the requirements of current legislation regulating the use of airspace, photo and video survey using 

quadcopters, and the disposal of hazardous waste, must be strictly observed.

This manual will help you to assemble the quadcopter, keep it in working conditions and master the basic methods of piloting in 

manual control mode.





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Protection fixings

Battery compartment 

back plate

Studding nut (metal, short) (6 pc.)

Studding nut (long) (6 pc.)

Studding nut (short) (6 pc.)

Screw M2x4 (12 pc.)

Screw M3x5 (6 pc.)

Screw M3x10 (12 pc.)

Screw M3x4 (6 pc.)

Damper (4 pc.)

Studding nut (long) (12 pc.)

Screw M2x6 (12 pc.)

Screw M3x10 (24 pc.)

Frame base

Battery compartment 


Landing gear 

(lower part)

Landing gear 

(upper part)


Frame  fixings


RH rotation motor (2 pc.)

HEX 1.5×50 


HEX 2.0×50 


LH rotation motor (2 pc.)

Li-Po battery 7.4 V 

1300 mAh (2S)

Charger with power 




Remote control 





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Quadcopter Assembly

Prior to assembling the quadcopter, prepare a convenient 

workplace. The kit includes many small parts, so take care 

not to lose them when assembling.

Step 1

Prepare: Frame base, RH rotation motor - 2 pc., LH rotation 

motor 2 pc., screw M2x4 - 8 pc.

The places to install the motors with silver nuts are marked 

with white circles on the frame base. Following the color 

marking, install the motors on the frame base and secure 

each motor with two screws, placing the screws diagonally.

Step 2

Prepare: the unit assembled at Step 1, studding nut (long) - 4 

pc., screw M3x10 - 4 pc.

Install studding nuts on the frame base opposite to the 

motors and fix them using screws M3x10, as shown in the 


Step 3

Prepare: the unit assembled at Step 2, damper - 4 pc., screw 

M3x10 - 4 pc.

Install the dampers onto the frame base at motor side and 

fix them using screws M3x4, as shown in the figure.

Step 4

Prepare: battery compartment cover, studding nut 8 mm - 4 pc., 

screw M3x5 - 4 pc.

Using screws M3x5, fix studding nuts at the battery 

compartment cover, as shown in the figure. These studding 

nuts can be used to install additional modules.




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Step 5

Prepare: the unit assembled at Step 3, landing gear (upper part), 

landing gear (lower part), battery compartment back plate.

Install landing gear and battery compartment back plate 

into corresponding slots on the frame base.

Step 6

Prepare: the unit assembled at Step 4, the unit assembled at 

Step 5, M3x10 screws.

Using M3x10 screws, couple the unit assembled at Step 4 

with the one assembled at Step 5 as shown in the figure.

Step 7

Prepare: the unit assembled at Step 6, studding nut (metal, 

short) - 4 pc.,  main board.

Place the board onto the dampers so that the arrows on the 

board coincide with the ones on the frame base. 
Secure the board using studding nuts. 
Plug motor connectors into corresponding connectors on 

the board. The connectors have a guide pin to observe 

the polarity, be careful not to exert excessive force when 

plugging the connectors.

Step 8

Prepare: the unit assembled at Step 7, protection base - 4 pc., 

screw M2x6 - 8 pc.

Install the protection bases and fix them using screws 

M2x6, as shown in the figure.




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Step 9

Prepare: the unit assembled at Step 8, protection arch - 8 pc., 

protection bar - 8 pc., screw M3x10 - 8 pc., 

studding nut (long) - 8 pc.

Using M3x10 screws, secure protection arches, protection 

bars and studding nuts on protection bases, as shown in the 


Step 10

Prepare: the unit assembled at Step 9, protection arch - 8 pc., 

protection bar - 8 pc., screw M3x10 - 8 pc.

Using M3x10 screws, secure protection arches and 

protection bars on  studding nuts as shown in the figure.

Step 11

Prepare: the unit assembled at Step 10, propeller 5030 - 2 pc., 

propeller 5030R - 2 pc.

Attention: the black nuts have a left-hand thread! Propeller 

labels (5030 or 5030R) must correspond to labels on the frame.

Remove the nuts from the axes of the motors, install the 

propellers (labels should be on top) and secure them with nuts. 

The silver nuts are tightened clockwise (right-hand thread), the 

black nuts are tightened anticlockwise (left-hand thread).

Step 12

Prepare: the unit assembled at Step 11, receiver (is packed with the 

remote control unit).

Using elastic ring, secure the receiver on the landing gear. Plug 

the cable connector into the PPM connector on the main board 

(PPM connector is located under the micro-USB connector).

The quadcopter is ready for operation!
















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In manual mode, the quadcopter is controlled using a remote 

control unit operating via the PPM protocol. FlySky i6S 

control unit is included into standard delivery.

For the detailed description of remote control unit controls 

and features, refer to the manual for the remote control unit.

In this manual, only controls needed to perform the Pioneer 

flight are described.

In order to prevent accidental deactivation of the control 

unit during the flight of the quadcopter, the control unit is 

switched on and off only when the two buttons are pressed 


The basic control of the quadcopter is carried out by means 

of two spring-loaded sticks. The left stick (throttle-heading) 

controls quadcopter ascent, descent and rotation around 

vertical axis, the right stick (roll-pitch) is responsible for the 

slope of the quadcopter around the horizontal axes.

The mode switch has three positions. When turning the 

remote control on, the mode switch (and all other switches) 

must be in up position. If the control unit is turned on when 

the switches are in a different position, a warning message 

appears on the control unit screen accompanied by a beep. 

Warning! Place all switches in their up position!  

To master the methods of quadcopter control one can use 

PicaSim freeware (http://www.rowlhouse.co.uk/PicaSim/), 

which allows to perform the flight on a PC screen. In order to 

use the software, the control unit is connected to the PC via 

USB cable. The cable is supplied with the remote control unit.

The control unit supplied with the quadcopter is ready for 

operation without any additional configuration or binding. 

In the case of using a quadcopter and a remote control unit 

from different packages, it is necessary to bind the remote 

control unit to the quadcopter receiver and perform remote 

control unit setup.




On/Off buttons

Touch screen

Flight mode switch 


Operation mode switch 


Roll-pitch stick




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Battery installation

Open battery compartment cover.

Place 4 AA batteries into battery compartment, observing the 


Close battery compartment cover.

Binding the control unit to the receiver

1. Switch remote control unit on. To do this, press two power 

buttons simultaneously and hold them down until the remote 

control unit screen is turned on.

2. Press the        icon on the touch screen to open settings 



3. Select Rx Bind item at SYSTEM tab. “Binding to RX…” 


4. Press and hold “BIND” button down on the receiver. 

5. Holding the button down, power the quadcopter.

6. Exit the Rx Bind setting mode by pressing the             icon 

on the touch screen. 

If the binding is successful, the quadcopter should beep.

In case there is no beep, try to repeat the binding procedure 

or contact technical support.

The binding procedure described above is valid only for 

FlySky-A8S receiver.


Remote control unit setup

1. Switch the remote control unit on. To do this, press two 

power buttons simultaneously and hold them down until the 

remote control unit screen is turned on.

2. Press the        icon on the touch screen to open settings 


In the settings menu there is a FUNCTION tab, in which the 

control unit is configured, and also a SYSTEM tab, in which 

the model controlled by the remote control unit is set up.

Set the following parameters in the FUNCTION tab:


 → Ch2 and Ch4–Rev

2. AUX. CHANNELS → Channel 5 →        → In CH TYPE 

window select SWx switch type → press SwA, and select 

SwC in pop-up menu.

3. AUX. CHANNELS → Channel 6 →        → In CH TYPE 

window select SWx switch type → press SwA, and select 

SwD in pop-up menu.

4. AUX. CHANNELS → Channel 7 →       → In CH TYPE 

window select SWx switch type → press SwA, and select 

SwB in pop-up menu.

At SYSTEM tab:

1. OUTPUT MODE → Output → PPM

2. STICKS MODE → M2 (Mode 2)

Press the            icon on the touch screen to exit setting 





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Preparation for flight

When using the quadcopter, the requirements of current 

legislation regulating the use of airspace, photo and video 

survey using quadcopters must be strictly observed.

There should be no people or animals in the flight zone.

Keep the quadcopter in sight.

No flights near power lines, cell poles, crowded places, 

railways and highways are allowed.

Fully charge the quadcopter battery. Charge the battery 

according to the instructions given at page 24. Do not leave 

the battery connected to the charger unattended.

Inspect the quadcopter to make sure that there are no 

mechanical damages. Tighten the fixing screws, if necessary.

Insert the battery into the compartment at the bottom of the 

quadcopter, gently pushing the battery until bumping. 

Switch the remote control unit on. To do this, press two power 

buttons simultaneously and hold them down until the remote 

control unit screen is turned on. The remote control unit 

battery level is shown in the upper right corner of the screen. 

Make sure that the battery level is sufficient to complete the 


Plug the battery connector into the power connector on the 

quadcopter board. The connectors have a guide pin to observe 

the polarity. Be careful not to exert excessive force when 

plugging the connectors, so as not to break the guide pin.

Important! To prevent uncontrolled action of the quadcopter, the remote control unit should always be turned ON before 

powering on the quadcopter, and off – AFTER turning off the power of the quadcopter.

The quadcopter can perform the flight both in control from 

the remote control unit, and in automatic mode according to 

the program.

To select the remote control unit mode set SwB switch to the 

upper position.

When using the navigation system or GPS (for this, 

corresponding optional module has to be installed on the 

quadcopter), automatic position hold mode can be used. To 

select this mode set SwB switch to the central position. The 

flight is controlled from remote control unit.

To perform automatic flight according to the program, SwB 

switch should be set to lower position. During programmed 

flight, the pilot can always switch to manual control mode by 

setting SwB switch to upper position.

When controlling the quadcopter from the remote control 

unit, one of three flight modes can be chosen. Flight mode is 

selected by SwC switch.

Stabilization mode 

(SwC switch in upper position)

Throttle stick controls motor power.

Altitude hold mode

 (SwC switch in central position) 

The quadcopter holds the altitude automatically, vertical 

speed in controlled by throttle stick. When throttle stick is 

in central position, the quadcopter holds the altitude. When 

the stick is moved up, the quadcopter starts the ascent. The 

more the stick is moved, the higher the speed of quadcopter 

ascent. When the stick is moved down, the quadcopter starts 

the descent.

Altitude and heading hold mode

 (SwC switch in lower 


When starting motors, the direction in which the quadcopter 

is oriented is fixed.

The altitude is controlled as in previous mode. The 

quadcopter can be rotated by yaw angle. Forward/backward 

and left/right movements are performed relative to stored 

initial direction.  


Control and flight modes




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To start the propellers, move the left stick (“throttle/heading») to the right and down, and hold it in this position until the 

propellers start.

Perform the flight, controlling the quadcopter by sticks and mode switch.

After landing, stop the propellers by moving the left stick (“throttle/heading») to the left and down, and hold it in this position 

until the propellers stop. During the flight, the battery, motors and other parts of the quadcopter can become hot. Be careful.

After completing the flight, turn off the power of the quadcopter. Carefully unplug the battery connector from the power connector 

on the board.

Switch the remote control unit off. To do this, press two power buttons simultaneously and hold them down until the remote 

control unit screen is turned off.




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(for outdoors autonomous flight)

Photo & video camera 

(ideal both for aerial survey training and for 

obtaining high-quality photos and video).

LED module 

(allows to display information and quadcopter 

status and create visual effects).

OpenMV programmable camera 

(for onboard image processing)

USB radio modem 

(for remote data exchange)

Load engagement module 

(for metal payload moving)

Expand quadcopter functionality by using optional modules.

At present, the following optional modules for Pioneer quadcopter have been developed by 

Geoscan company:



Get new functionality. 

Follow the updates at https://www.geoscan.aero/ru/products/pioneer/. 

Update quadcopter firmware using the latest firmware version and the manual on update 

available on the website.

Learn more about Geoscan indoors ultrasonic navigation system allowing to make autonomous 

flights in the absence of GPS signals.





60.005 N

30.358 E



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Storage, transportation and 


Li-Po batteries usage

Before storing remove the battery from the quadcopter and 

the batteries from the control unit.

Keep the quadcopter in a dry place, away from heat sources, 

in a package that prevents mechanical damage. The factory 

packaging, in which the parts for quadcopter assembling 

are supplied, makes it convenient to place the assembled 

quadcopter in the box. Keep the original packaging for 

convenient transportation and storage.

The product contains plastic parts, electronic components and 

chemical power supplies. The components of the product at 

the end of service life should be disposed of in accordance 

with local legislation.


Do not dispose Li-Po batteries in household waste 

containers. Incorrect disposal of used power supplies can 

be hazardous to the environment. Dispose Li-Po batteries in 

accordance with local regulations, taking them to the nearest 

hazardous waste collection facilities.

To charge the quadcopter battery, use the charger provided.

Do not attempt to charge the battery with a charger that is 

not intended to charge such batteries, as this can lead to 

unpredictable consequences and fire!

Charge the battery on a non-flammable and non-conductive 


Do not leave the battery connected to the charger 


Monitor battery temperature during charging. If the battery 

becomes extremely hot, immediately disconnect it from the 


If the battery was stored or transported at low temperature, 

it is necessary to let the battery to take up the room 

temperature before charging. 

Forced battery warm-up is inadmissible!

1. Connect the charger to AC power supply 110-240 V. If the 

charger is working properly, three LEDs will light up green.

2. Carefully plug battery connector into corresponding charger 

connector. The charger allows to charge 2- or 3-element 

batteries. To charge 2-element Pioneer battery use the three-

pin connector. The connectors have a guide pin to observe 

the polarity. Be careful not to exert excessive force to the 

connectors, so as not to break the guide pin. If all the LEDs 

are green, the battery is charged, no additional charging is 

needed. If one or two LEDs are red, it means that charging has 


3. When the battery is fully charged, all the LEDs turn green.

Store the batteries at room temperature, in a dry, fire-safe 


It is recommended to store Li-Po batteries partially 

discharged. Optimal voltage for battery storage is 7.4 V. The 

voltage can be checked by connecting the quadcopter to 

the PC. If it is not possible to measure the battery voltage, 

to store the battery charge it completely and then partially 

discharge it by running the motors of the quadcopter for 3-5 

minutes. When storing batteries for a long time, check the 

battery approximately every three months and recharge it, if 


Battery charging

Battery storage




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If something goes wrong

The quadcopter falls to the side when trying to take-off. 

Be sure that the motors and the propellers are mounted 

properly. The motors and the propellers should be 

mounted according to the marking on the frame. 

When giving throttle, the propellers rotate, but the 

quadcopter does not take off.

Be sure that the propellers are mounted properly. The 

propellers should be mounted according to the marking 

on the frame. The propeller labels should be on top.

When starting the motors, one or more motors do not 


Check motor cables connections. 

When starting the motors from the remote control unit 

the quadcopter does not react in any way. 

Check the remote control unit settings. Perform receiver 

binding procedure.

Quadcopter has poor control response. 

Make sure the quadcopter and the remote control unit 

batteries are charged. 

When connecting the battery the quadcopter does not 

react in any way.

The battery may be low. Try to check the voltage. The 

voltage should not be lower than 6.4 V. Try to use a 

different battery.

Heavy quadcopter vibration in flight.

Be sure that the frame, the protection and the main 

board are mounted properly.


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Technical support:

8 800 333-84-77

+7 931 208-60-22



© Geoscan, 2018

123242, Russia, Moscow

Bolshaya Gruzinskaya, 12, 

build. 12

194021, Russia,


Shatelena str., 26А