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Alto 30HA STANDARD I/MASTER I Owner's Manual

Made by: Alto
Type: Owner's Manual
Category: Pressure Washer
Pages: 19
Size: 0.29 MB

 

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30HA Standard/Master
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1

Congratulations!

We’d like to say, “Thank you!” for choosing one of
the ALTO 30HA series machines

.

 This operator’s

manual is provided with your new high pressure
washer to ensure that you obtain the best results,
in the safest manner, with your new machine.

IMPORTANT:

 This machine is a High Pressure

Washer, capable of producing as much as 2100
psi. Read this manual completely, before operating
the machine. A complete understanding of the
material in this manual will help you avoid possible
injury or damage to other objects, as well as dam-
age to the

 

machine, itself.

ALTO's environmental policy

Most of the plastic parts of this model are re-

cycleable, and they have been marked with a
recycling symbol and the type of mate-
rial, (i.e. PP).

It is also a part of our concern for

environmental problems that the
pressure washer is maintenance-free,
meaning that the oil in the high pressure pump will
not have to be changed regularly. The oil is in a
closed system and is only changed when an even-
tual service event occurs.

For the production of this high pressure washer

the latest technique and technology has been
applied. During the final test of the product, the test
water is recycled.

>

 PP 

<

 


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2

IMPORTANT:

 Read this instruction manual before you start up your high pressure washer for

the first time.

This machine is a hot water high pressure washer producing a water jet under high pressure and of a high
temperature which is why severe injuries and scalding can occur if the safety precautions are not observed.
Therefore a complete understanding of the contents of this instruction manual is required in order to pre-
vent injuries to yourself, objects and persons near-by, and the machine itself.

Contents

1.0 Technical data
2.0 Instructions for use

Safety precautions and warnings
2.1 Unpacking
2.2 Startup
2.3 General

3.0 Operating instructions

3.1 Connections

1. High pressure hose
2. Inlet water connection
3. Power connection
4. Refueling
5. Spray handle - accessories
6. Detergents - metering unit
7. Scale prevention - No Scale

3.2 Starting procedure
3.3 Operation
3.4 Temperature control
3.5 Spray lance, pressure regulation, how to

use detergents

3.6 Shutdown
3.7 Transportation
3.8 Storage
3.9 Safety devices on the machine

4.0 Applications and working methods

4.1 Areas of application
4.2 Working pressure
4.3 Detergents
4.4 Metering detergents
4.5 Working methods

5.0 Disposable waste
6.0 Maintenance

6.1 General
6.2 Descaling the coil
6.3 Clearing the high pressure nozzle

7.0 Troubleshooting chart

Designations

(see drawing on the cover)

1. Connection for high pressure hose
2. Water connection (water inlet screen)
3. Power cord
4. Fuel filler port (fuel filter)
5. Fuel level indicator
6. Hot water high pressure hose
7. Spray handle
8. Safety locking device
9. Spray lance

10. Metering unit for detergents
11. Compartment for detergent container
12. Pickup hose for detergents
13. Filler port for “No Scale”
14. Level indicator for “No Scale”
15. Pressure gauge
16. Operation knob
17. Handle with hose/cable holder
18. Holder for spray lance
19. Caster wheel with brake
20. Main wheel
21. Model tag

NOTE !

It may be necessary to re-adjust the burner if
the machine is to be used at an elevation of
more than 3000 ft. This adjustment must be
made by an ALTO-trained service technician.

At ALTO we endeavour to prepare the instruc-
tion manuals for our products in the best possi-
ble way. But we know that they can always be
better, so if you have any comments or propos-
als for improvement, we should be pleased to
hear from you. Please forward your comments
to:

ALTO Danmark A/S, “Manuals”, Industrikvarter-
et, DK-9560 Hadsund

 .

 


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3

1.0 Technical data

Working pressure

Permissible overpressure

Volumetric flow

Max. temperature, inlet water

Rated power

Fuse

Water temperature

Protection class

Type of protection

Water volume of the heater coil

Heating capacity

Fuel tank capacity

Cleaning agent tank capacity

Permissible water inlet pressure

Dimensions L x W x H

Mahine weight

Recoil forces

Please observe the technical data on the rating plate!

30HA

30HA

Model

Standard 

I

/Master 

I

Standard

 I

/Master 

I

psi

1100

2100

psi

1600

2300

USgal

2.2 / 2.0

2.5 / 2.3

°F

85

85

kW

1,4

3,0

A

14.5

12.5

°F

176 (Standard)/302 (Master) 176 (Standard)/302 (Master)

F

F

IP X5

IP X5

USg

0.8

0.8

kW

37

38

USgal

4

4

USgal

2

2

psi

15-145

15-145

in.

34 x 23 x 30

34 x 23 x 30

lb

187

187

N

14

19

1)

Voltage 115 V 1~, 60 Hz

2)

Voltage 220 V 1~, 60 Hz

Sound pressure level L

pA

 measured in accordance with ISO 11202 [DISTANCE 1m] [FULL LOAD]:

82 dB(A).
Data obtained with 54°F inlet water temperature.
We reserve the right to make alterations.

 


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4

2.0 Instructions for use

Safety precautions and warnings

Before starting your high pressure washer for the first time, we advise you to read through the following
sections: 

2.0 Instructions for use

 and 

3.0 Operating instructions

 and to follow all instructions to ensure

the protection of user, surroundings and machine.

- WARNING -

Risk of Injection or Severe Injury -

Keep Clear of Nozzle -

Do not Direct Discharge Stream at Persons -

This Product Is To Be Used Only By Trained Operators.

The high water pressure from a high pressure washer may cause personal injury or property damage if the
following „IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS“ are not strictly observed.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

- WARNING -

When using this product, basic precautions should always be followed, including the following:

1. Read all of the instructions before using the product.
2. To reduce the risk of injury, close supervision is necessary when the pressure washer is used near children.
3. Know how to stop the product. Be thoroughly familiar with all the controls.
4. Stay alert - watch what you are doing.
5. Do not operate the product when fatigued or under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
6. Keep the operating area clear of all persons.
7. Do not over-reach or stand on unstable support. Keep good footing and balance at all times.
8. Follow the maintenance instructions specified in the manual.
9. This pressure washer is provided with a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) built into the power

cord plug. If replacement of the plug or cord is needed, use only identical replacement parts.

10. WARNING! Never direct the water jet towards people, pets, electric wiring, or

the machine itself.

11. WARNING!  Never try to clean clothes or footwear on yourself or other persons.
12. Wear eye protection during operation.

13. Never work barefoot or with sandals.

14. WARNING! The operator and anyone in immediate vicinity of the cleaning site should protect himself

from being struck by debris dislodged during cleaning operations.

15. The machine should be placed as far away from the cleaning operation as practical.
16. Only trained personnel, familiar with this manual should operate the machine.
17. Don’t start the machine until the high pressure hose has been securely attached.
18. The spray handle and lance are affected by thrust during operation - Always hold the spray

lance firmly with both hands.

19. When the machine is not in use, the spray handle trigger should be locked.
20. Activate the trigger 

only

 by hand. Never tie or wedge it open in any other way.

21. Avoid damage to the high pressure hose (such as running over it with vehicles, squeezing, pulling,

knots/kinks etc.) and keep it away from oil and sharp or hot objects. Failure to protect the hose may
cause it to burst.

22. Never detach the high pressure hose when the water temperature is above 120°F (risk of

scalding) or while the machine is in operation. Disconnect the power and the inlet water
connection before detaching the high pressure hose.

23. Never tug the power cord to disconnect the plug from receptacle.
24. Always disconnect the plug from receptacle prior to disconnecting any extension cords.
25. Avoid damage to the power cord (such as running it with vehicles, squeezing, pulling, knots etc.) and

keep them away from sharp or hot objects.

26.

Never 

use the machine in an environment where there could be a danger of explosion.

 


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5

Safety precautions and warnings

27. WARNING! The integrity of high pressure hoses, nozzles and connections are important for safety

when operating the machine. 

Only

 use the high temperature high pressure hoses (with an imprinted

max. temperature of 

150°C

), nozzles and connections prescribed by ALTO.

28. For safety reasons only use original KEW Technology accessories and spare parts.
29. In freezing conditions, never start the machine until it, and the hoses and accessories have thawed.

Otherwise the machine could be damaged.

30. The machine should not be covered during operation.
31. The combustion gases from the burner are 

dangerous to humans

 

and animals

. Always ensure ade-

quate ventilation during indoor operation.

32. WARNING! Using the wrong fuel can be hazardous!
33. The machine must be turned off when not in use.

SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS

2.1 Unpacking

Once the pressure washer has been taken out of the packaging, check that it is complete and without any
defects; if in doubt, the pressure washer should not be put into use and you should contact the nearest
ALTO service organization.

2.2 Startup

Check the power cord

The insulation of the power cord should be faultless and without any cracks.
Please contact a qualified electrician or the nearest ALTO distributor if it is not so.

Check the voltage

Check that the voltage stated on the model tag corresponds to your receptacle.

Power consumption, fuse/breakers

Check the power consumption stated on the model tag and check for correct fuse/breaker.

- WARNING -

If these Instructions aren’t followed, it may be

dangerous to use your pressure washer.

GROUNDING INSTRUCTIONS

This product must be grounded. If it should malfunction or break down, grounding provides a path of least
resistance for electrical current to reduce the risk of electric shock. This product is equipped with a cord
having an equipment-grounding conductor and a grounding plug. The plug must be plugged into an appro-
priate outlet that is properly installed and grounded in accordance with all local codes and ordinances.

DANGER - - 

Improper connection of the equipment-grounding conductor can result in a risk of electrocu-

tion. Check with a qualified electrician or service personnel if you are in doubt as to whether the outlet is
properly grounded. Do not modify the plug provided with the product - if it will not fit the outlet, have a prop-
er outlet installed by a qualified electrician. Do not use any type of adapter with this product.

 


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6

Safety precautions and warnings

EXTENSION CORDS

Use only 3-wire extension cords that have 3-prong, grounding-type plugs and 3-pole cord connectors that
accept the plug from the product. Use only extension cords that are intended for outdoor use. These exten-
sion cords are identified by a marking "Acceptable for use with outdoor appliances; store indoors while not
in use". Use only extension cords having an electrical rating (volts AND amps) not less than the rating of
the product. Do not use damaged extension cords. Examine extension cord before using, and replace if
damaged. Do not abuse the extension cord and do not yank on any cord to disconnect. Keep cord away
from heat and sharp edges. Always disconnect the extension cord from the receptacle before disconnect-
ing the product from the extension cord.

GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT INTERRUPTER PROTECTION

This pressure washer is provided with a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) built into the plug of the
power supply cord. This device provides additional protection from the risk of electrical shock. Should
replacement of the plug or cord become necessary, use only identical replacement parts that include GFCI
protection.

WARNING - - 

To reduce the risk of electrocution, keep all connections dry and off the ground. Do not

touch the plug with wet hands.

FIRE DANGER

*

Always place the machine at a distance of at least 3 feet from buildings or equipment during operation.

* Never place flammable products (e.g. gasoline, thinner, etc.) or combustible materials (e.g. wood, paper,

cloth, etc.) near the machine during operation.

* Never place the machine in the immediate vicinity of heat sources (furnaces, heaters etc.).

2.3 General

1. DO NOT clean asbestos-bearing surfaces with this machine, unless using special equipment in accor-

dance with appropriate regulations,

2. Never touch plug and receptacle with wet hands.
3. WARNING! This machine has been constructed for use with “normal” detergents. The use of aggressive

detergents or chemicals may cause operating and safety problems.

4. When using detergents, the instructions should always be strictly observed.
5. Always unplug the machine before cleaning or maintenance of the machine.
6. Don’t use the machine if the power cord or important parts of the equipment are damaged - i.e. safety

devices, high pressure hoses, spray handles, cabinet.

7. If the power cord is damaged, it should be replaced by a ALTO trained service technician or a qualified

electrician to avoid a hazardous situation.

8. The owner and operator are obliged to observe any working environment or working safety regulations

concerning the operation of this high pressure washer.

SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS

 


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7

3.0 Operating instructions

3.1 Connections

1.

High pressure hose

Only use KEW Technology high pres-
sure steam-capable hoses with an
imprinted max. temperature of 150°C.

Max. length of extension hose: 33 ft.

The high pressure hose with imprinted max. working pressure and temperature (

150°C

) should be attached

to outlet socket (1) using the quick coupler (6). The total length of the high pressure hose must not exceed
66 ft.

2.

Inlet water connection

Min. length/i.d. of hose: 20 ft,  ½".
Clean water inlet screen at least monthly
Max. inlet water pressure 150 psi.

Let water run through the inlet hose to flush any impurities, and clean coupling parts before connecting the
supply hose. Attach the inlet water hose to the quick coupling part (2) of the water inlet.
The water supply system must supply at least. 200 gal/hr (3.2 gpm).
If there is a risk of sand in the inlet water (i.e. from your own well), a sand filter should be mounted. Please
contact your ALTO distributor for further information.

3.

Power connection

Only connect to an approved receptacle
with grounding conductor.

Uncoil the power cord before running the machine.
Check voltage, fuse, cords and extension cords according to section »2.1. Start-up«.

 


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8

Operating instructions

4.

Refueling

Use clean heating oil or diesel fuel

WARNING! Using the wrong fuel can
be hazardous!

Capacity of tank: 4 gal.

Filling of fuel for the burner through the filler opening (4). Capacity of tank: 4 gal. Only use clean heating
oil, diesel fuel, or kerosene.
The fuel level can be read on the level indicator (5).
If the burner stops unintentionally, check the fuel level in the tank and if necessary, refill (at least 2 gal).
To protect the life of the fuel pump, it is important that the machine is not allowed to run without fuel in the
tank.

5.

Spray handle - accessories

Clean quick-connect nipple each time
the spray lance has been detached.

Pull the grey quick coupler release (7) forward.
Insert the nipple of the spray lance (9) in the quick coupling and release #7.
Tug on the spray lance or other accessory to ensure it’s securely mounted, before starting the machhine.

6.

Detergents - metering unit

Only use “normal” detergents.
Use of aggressive detergents may
damage equipment and affect the
environment.

Flush with clean water after use.

Detergents can be added under 

low pressure

 through the built-in metering system (10). Tip the cover (11)

out until it stops, and place a container in the holder. Drop the suction hose (12) and filter of the metering
unit into the container and close the cover/holder. Metering is infinitely variable (range 0-5), and the re-
quired dilution is achieved by turning the knob counter-clockwise, until the required step is against the
arrow on the control panel. Max. rate is approximately 5% (25:1). Once detergent application is completed
for the day, the system should be flushed through with clean water at Step 5, for approximately 1 min. The
knob should then be turned clockwise to Step 0.

7

9

 


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9

Operating instructions

7.

Scale prevention - No Scale

Indicator is light: insufficient “No Scale”
Indicator is dark:  sufficient “No Scale”

Only use “No Scale” of KEW Technolo-
gy.

To avoid scaling of the burner coil, and thus ensure optimum operation, an scale preventer - “No Scale”
should be added. This product is available from your ALTO distributor. Fill through the socket (13) and it
will automatically be added to the water at the proper rate. If you’re out of “No Scale”, you’ll be able to tell
from the level indicator (14).

3.2 Start-up procedure

Turn control knob to position - 

I

 -.

Turn on the water and turn control knob (16) to position - 

I

 -. In this position the machine is ready for cold

water operation.

3.3 Operation

Always hold the spray lance with both
hands!
Always lock the spray handle when the
machine is not in operation.

Activate the high pressure washer by squeezing the trigger of the spray handle (7). When first starting, the
pressure may fluctuate because of air in the system. Once the air has escaped, the pressure will become
steady. If necessary, let the machine operate without the spray lance until all air is purged from the inlet
water hose, the pump, and the burner coil.
When the cleaner is not in use, secure the spray handle by turning the locking device (8) into pos. 0.

NOTE

: This machine features an automatic start/stop function. When the spray handle trigger is released,

the machine will automatically stop. The machine can be restarted with a simple squeeze of the spray
handle trigger.

8

7

 


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10

Operating instructions

3.4 Temperature control

Cold water mode

34 - 104°F

Hot water mode

104 - 176°F

Steam mode

302°F

Choose the desired temperature with the control knob (16).
Note: If the machine is put away immediately after hot water or steam operation, it should be cooled in
“cold water” operation until the temperature is below 120°F. This will take approximately 2 minutes.

IMPORTANT (only 30HA Master)

: Adjustment to temperatures above 176°F should be made with the

trigger released. When choosing temperatures above 176°F (steam operation) 

the water volume is auto-

matically reduced

. Then 

full water volume

 for cold water or hot water operation cannot be obtained until the

temperature of the outlet water has fallen below 176°F. Once the temperature is below 176°F, release and
squeeze the trigger to return to full water volume again. The cooling period, from max. temperature (302°F)
to full water volume is approximately 1 minute.

3.5 Spray lance, pressure regulation, how to use detergents

Turn pressure reducing valve:

Clockwise (

B

): for high pressure

Counter clockwise (

A

): for low pressure

and detergent application

The spray lance features a high pressure nozzle and a low pressure nozzle. When the pressure reducing
valve (1) is completely closed (clockwise - B), only the high pressure nozzle is used and you’re in the “

high

pressure mode

”. When the pressure reducing valve is open (counter clockwise - A), both nozzles are

used and you’re in the “

low pressure mode

” (where you can also add detergents). The pressure may be

infinitely varied between “full” and “low”.

9

 


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11

Operating instructions

3.6 End of operation

Danger of scalding!

Never detach the high pressure hose
when the water temperature is above
120°F.

Turn the control knob (16) to position “cold water” (in the blue sector) and squeeze the trigger until the
temperature is below 120°F. The cooling period from 176°F to 120°F is approx. 2 min.
Then, turn off the water supply and stop the machine by turning the control knob (16) to position - 

O

 -.

Now the high pressure hose can be detached.

3.7 Transportation

If lifting with a crane, use lifting straps!

Lifting manually:

When lifting the machine manually, lift at the lifting points 

 marked on the fenders in front of the wheels,

and on the side at the back of the machine.

Lifting by crane:

When lifting the machine by crane, lifting straps should be used.
Cross the straps diagonally under the machine. 

Never

 lift the machine by the handle (17).

Transport on a vehicle:

Always transport the machine in upright position. Apply the caster wheel brake (19) and secure the ma-
chine with straps or rope during transport.

 


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12

Operating instructions

3.8 Storage

Frost-free room or anti-freeze solution!

We recommend you to store the machine in a frost-free room between cleaning tasks. The machine must
be emptied of water prior to storing for a longer period. This is done as follows:

1. Detach the inlet water hose. Detach and drain the spray lance.
2. Start the machine, and let it run with open spray handle until all water has run out.

If the storage area is not frost-free, the machine should be protected with an anti-freeze solution. Contact
your distributor for further information about the anti-freeze equipment of KEW Technology. Follow the
instructions provided with the anti-freeze equipment.

Coil the high pressure hose and allow the quick-connect end to lie on the floor.  Holding the coiled hose at
waist level, squeeze the trigger to drain the hose and spray handle. Coil the power cord. Place them on the
handle (17). The spray lance can be stored in one of the holders (18) on each side of the machine.

3.9 Safety devices on the machine

Motor protection:

The machine features an overcurrent release built into the electrical system which will stop the machine if
the motor and/or pump are overloaded. The machine can only be restarted after it cools. Use that time to
find the reason for the overloading!

Pump:

The pump is equipped with a combined “unloader” and automatic start/stop valve system. The unloader
automatically relieves the pump load when the trigger is released and dtops the motor. This ensures that
the water is not circulated and heated inside the pump. The machine will re-start when you squeeze the
trigger.
The pump also features a safety valve ensuring that the pressure in the pump will never exceed the value
adjusted from the factory. The safety valve is sealed and should only be adjusted by an trained service
technician.

Thermostat:

The discharge water temperature is controlled by a mechanical thermostat. The thermostat is calibrated
from the factory and must not be re-adjusted. The thermostat unit also controls the heating stage function.

Safety thermal breaker:

The safety thermal breaker is a temperature sensor of the manual-reset type. The sensor is placed on the
inlet side of the burner coil and interrupts the supply of fuel oil and No Scale if the water temperature ex-
ceeds 140°F at this point. Once it trips, it must be reset manually. Until the cause is found, the machine
can still be operated in the cold water mode.

 


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13

4.0 Applications and working methods

4.1 Applications

Typical applications for this product are:

Agriculture

Cleaning machinery, implements, stalls, and buildings

Transport

Cleaning vehicles, engine rooms, and large parts

Construction

Building renovation and maintenance, cleaning vehicles and equipment

Industry

Degreasing and cleaning of machines, tooling and vehicles.

Service

Contract cleaning of vehicles, public facilities, and many degreasing tasks.

4.2 Working pressure

The machine may be used with high or low pressure at your own option. Using the standard spray lance,
working pressure is adjusted by turning the reduction valve.

Low pressure

Is first and foremost used for application of detergents and for rinsing.

High pressure

Is used for agitation cleaning.

Intermediate pressure

Typically used for the cleaning of surfaces, which cannot tolerate the powerful
water jet provided at the high pressure setting (e.g. soft surfaces, decals, etc.).

4.3 Detergents

The most efficient cleaning is obtained with detergents in combination with hot water and high pressure
cleaning. There are products available specially developed for high pressure cleaning, and some are de-
signed for hot water use, as well.  A professional chemical supplier can assist you with your choices.  De-
tergents or other chemicals with a pH above 9 or below 5 are generally considered “aggressive” and may
be harmful to your machine if not properly used.

Contact your ALTO distributor for assistance in choosing a suitable detergent for your requirements.
The method of application and the dilution of the individual products will be provided by the product labels
or the data sheet (MSDS). Metering is performed by the metering unit pressure washer.

4.4 Metering detergents

The pressure washer features a built-in injector enabling metering detergents when the machine is in the
low pressure mode. With this metering unit, it is possible to vary the dilution of detergents infinitely between
approximately 0-5%. Thus, most cleaning jobs will be covered (also see Section 3.1.6). To convert “ounces
per gallon” to percentage, 

divide the ounces required by 1.28.

To change from detergent application under low pressure, to cleaning under high pressure, simply turn the
regulating from “low pressure mode” to “high pressure mode” on the spray lance. You will not have to
attach or detach any parts or accessories.
For foam cleaning you will have to mount the special Foam Injector between the pressure washer and the
high pressure hose. Insert the pickup hose of the injector into the foam detergent. Snap the Foam Lance
accessory onto the spray handle and you are ready for foam application. After the application, 

dismount the

Foam Injector 

and replace the Foam Lance with the standard spray lance, and you are ready for high

pressure cleaning.

 


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14

Applications and working methods

4.5 Working methods

Your high pressure washer has been developed for cleaning according to the so-called „2-step method“.

STEP 1

Application of detergent

STEP 2

High pressure cleaning

In practice the working process is dictated by the actual job, but as a starting point, the following working
method can be described:
1. 

Apply detergent under low pressure

 and to a dry surface

.

 The dilution is chosen according to the job,

and the adjustment is made on the metering unit.

2. 

Allow some time for the detergent to work

. Let the detergent act on the dirt/surface for a short time

(but don’t let it dry) prior to pressure cleaning - usually a few minutes.

3. 

High pressure agitation

. Clean all surfaces under high pressure.

4. 

Rinse with fresh water afterwards, if necessary

. To make sure that soil and detergents are removed

from the surface.

Optimum cleaning results will be achieved by following these 3 simple Tips:

Tip no. 1

When using a detergent, always apply it on a dry surface. If the surface is rinsed with water at first, it may
be difficult for it to absorb the detergent, and the result is a reduced effect of the detergent.

Tip no. 2

When applying a detergent on large vertical surfaces (i.e. the sides of a truck) work from the bottom - up.
You will avoid detergent running down the surface and forming dark streaks on the surface

Tip no. 3

During the high pressure cleaning activities, work so that the high pressure water does not run over the
surface which has not been cleaned yet (Once again, from the bottom - up). This is to ensure that there is
detergent on the surface being cleaned when the high pressure water is applied.

5.0 Disposable waste

This high pressure washer consists of parts which can damage the environment if they are not properly
disposed of. They include the following:
Oil, painted/zinc-coated parts, plastics/plastic-coated parts.
Therefore, it is important to follow the laws concerning disposal of polluting and/or environmentally danger-
ous materials when replacing spare parts or disposing of high pressure washer. It is recommended that
you take these parts to waste disposal areas or recycling plants that are approved by the state for the
disposal of these types of materials.

 


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15

 6.0 Maintenance

6.1 General

To ensure that your ALTO high pressure washer is always in an operational condition it is advisable to
have it checked by an ALTO service technician at regular intervals. However, with respect to exposed
components, a minimal maintenance program helps ensure a prolonged and problem-free operation.
Therefore, it’s a good idea to make a habit of the following:

z

Before attaching the inlet water or high pressure hose, the quick couplers should be free of dirt
and sand.

z

Before attaching the spray lance or any other accessory on the spray handle, the machine
should be started and the quick couplers rinsed.

z

After detergents are used, the injector system should be flushed with water to avoid clogging
the system.

z

The inlet water screen should be cleaned once a month or more frequently as required.

z

We recommend you to store the machine in a frost-free room. If the machine freezes up by
mistake, it must not be started. Thaw the machine, hoses and accessories before starting.
If the room is not frost-free the machine should be protected with anti-freeze.
See section »3.8 Storage - frost protection«.

z

Replace the fuel filter every 6 months, or more frequently as required.

6.2 Descaling the coil

If your water supply is “soft” or “normal”, descaling may never be required if you use NoScale. If you have
“hard” water, the machine should be descaled at least once the year or more often in extreme cases. Scale
deposits in the spray lance or reduced heating output are indications that descaling is required.

Descaling is performed as follows:

1. Detach high pressure hose.
2. Turn on the inlet water.
3. Insert the suction hose for the detergent (12) in a container with descaling acid.
4. Adjust the metering unit to step 5 (see section 3.1.6).
5. Start the machine in cold water mode.
6. Stop the machine when the water escaping the outlet socket has been coloured by the descaler.

Warning: The mixture will be caustic!

Don’t empty the descaler container completely to prevent air from getting into the system.

7. Let the machine stand for 20 minutes.
8. Place the metering unit suction hose (12) in a container of clean water.
9. Start the machine and let it run 5-10 minutes to flush the descaler out of the system.

10. If required, repeat the procedure from item 3-9.
11. Adjust the metering unit to step 0, and the machine is ready for operation.

Note:

 The descaling should always be carried through in accordance with the product instructions.

6.3 Clearing the high pressure nozzle

A clogged up nozzle causes excessive pump pressure and clearing is required immediately.
1. Stop the machine and detach the spray lance.
2. Clear the nozzle with KEW Technology nozzle clearing tool (no. 6401654), or a straightened paper clip.

IMPORTANT: ONLY use the clearing tool with the spray lance detached from the machine!

3. Flush the spray lance backwards with water.
4. Repeat items 1-3 if the pressure is still too high,

 


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16

7.0 Troubleshooting chart

You have chosen the best quality and deserve the best performance. To speed returning the machine to
service, check the following before contacting the nearest ALTO service organization:

Fault

Cause

Correction

Machine will not start

Fuse/breaker blown

Replace/Reset

Cord not connected

Connect power cord

Defective extension cord

Try without extension cord

Defective receptacle

Try another receptacle

Machine stops

Excess-current cut-out on

Allow the button system to cool. Check the

unintentionally

start/stop button activated

following items 1-3 and then restart the

-restart 

possible

machine.

after 60 sec.

1)

 Wrong voltage

Check that the supply voltage
corresponds to the data plate (see sec. 1.1)

2)

 Extension cords too

Remove extension cord or use

    small

correct cord size spec (see sec. 2.1)

3)

 Nozzle partly blocked

Clear the nozzle (see sec. 6.3)

Fuses blow

Check that the installation provides the am
pere required by the machine. Check for
anything else loading the circuit (ie. Heater,
coffee pot)

Pressure fluctuating

Water supply too low

Check the water supply (min. 3 gpm).

and pulsating

Avoid long, thin hoses (min. ½").

Inlet water screen clogged

Clean the screen (see sec. 6.1)

Pressure varies from

Nozzle partly blocked

Clear the nozzle (see sec. 6.3)

max. to min.

High pressure hoses too

Detach high pressure extension hoses

long

and retry. Extension hose max. 33 ft.

Scale deposits in burner

Descale coil (see sec. 6.2)

No working pressure

Nozzle clogged

Clear the nozzle (see sec. 6.3)

No inlet water

Check inlet water

Hoses/spray lance frozen

Let them thaw

The burner does not ignite

Safety thermal breaker

Serious fault in the burner/control system.

activated

Send for an ALTO service technician.
(The machine can still be used in the cold
water mode.)

Fuel tank empty

Fill with at least 2 gal.
The machine must not run without fuel !

Fuel filter blocked

Clean or replace the filter (see sec. 6.1)

Heavy

 

black smoke

Burner air or fuel improper

Obtain service.

Insufficient heating

Scale deposits in coil

Descale coil (see sec. 6.2)

Burner out of adjustment

Obtain service.

Should malfunctions occur than those mentioned above, please contact the nearest ALTO service organi-
zation.  If you don’t know how to contact your selling or nearest distributor, call

ALTO Technical Support:

    Phone: 1.800.331.7691

 


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ALTO Danmark A/S

Industrikvarteret
9560 Hadsund
Tel.: +45 7218 2100

718 91 34  (00.04)
Printed in Denmark

Copyright © 2000    ALTO Danmark A/S