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3M 718 Instruction Manual


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Type: Instruction Manual
Category: Accessories
Pages: 12
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Instruction Manual


718 Static Sensor

Safety Information

Intended Use

The 3M™ 718 Static Sensor is a portable,
handheld instrument designed for measuring
voltages associated with electrostatic charge.
Its intended use is for measuring the amount
of voltage, in a range from 0-20 kilovolts,
associated with an electrostatic charge
buildup on a surface.  Any deviation from
this intended use could impair the
instrument’s effectiveness and possibly lead
to an unsafe operating condition.

The 3M™ 718A Air Ionizer Test Kit is a 
set of accessories for use in conjunction 
with the 3M 718 Static Sensor.  Their
intended use is for verifying the operation of
air ionizers by measuring the neutralization 
time for a static charge placed on a
stationary metal plate. Any deviation 
from this intended use could impair the
instrument’s effectiveness and possibly lead
to an unsafe operating condition. 

Caution Statements

• The 718 Static Sensor and 718A Charger

use DC 9V power supplied by a 9V
alkaline battery.  Usage of any other
power source may cause damage to the

• The 718 Static Sensor and 718A Air

Ionizer Test Kit have no user-serviceable
parts.  Do not disassemble the products for

• The 718 and 718A are NOT designed for usage in hazardous environments where the

possibility of explosion or fire exists.

Read and understand all safety information before installing and operating 
this equipment.


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1.0 Description

The 3M™ 718 Static Sensor is a portable
handheld instrument used for locating and
measuring electrostatic charges.  It can be
used to locate ESD trouble-areas, and is a
valuable tool for the ESD-control
engineer.  Used in conjunction with the
3M™ 718A Air Ionizer Test Kit (available
separately), it can be used for verification
and auditing of air ionizers.
The 718 Static Sensor is battery-powered
and has several measurement features:


measurements can be taken in a 0-

2 kV or 0-20 kV range.

Automatic Zero:

pushbutton feature

allows easy adjustment to zero.  No screws
or dials to turn.

HOLD function:

allows the User to

"freeze" a displayed measurement, for
later evaluation.

Automatic shutoff:

conserves battery

power by shutting off the instrument after
20 minutes of inactivity.

2.0 Power Requirements and

Battery Installation

2.1   Both the 718 and 718A Charger us

DC 9V power supplied by a 9V
alkaline battery.

2.2   To install the battery on either unit:

2.2.1 Remove the battery cover, located in

the lower back of the unit.  To do
this, press down on the cover and
slide it downward.

2.2.2  Pull the battery connector out of the

housing, and align the male/female
ends of the connector with the
proper terminals on the battery.

2.2.3  Connect the two, and place the

connected battery into the housing
by inserting the connector end first,
then following up with the other end
of the battery.

2.2.4  Replace the cover.

2.3 The 718 Static Sensor has a Low

Battery indicator.  Once the battery is
depleted to approximately 6.5 volts,
the instrument will show BAT in the
display.  At this time, the 718 will not
produce accurate results and the
battery should be replaced.  A fresh
alkaline battery should last greater
than 50 hours, when the instrument is
in continuous usage.

2.4 The 718A Charger also has a low-

battery indicator.  This is an LED
located at the left-hand side of the
unit.  When the battery voltage drops
below operating level, the LED will
light up.  At this time, the user should


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replace the battery.  Usage of the
3M™ 718A Charger under low-
battery conditions would lead 
to insufficient voltage levels 
being generated.

3.0 Operation of the 718 Static


Supplemental notes:
For accurate measurements during usage,
it is recommended that the outside housing
of the 3M™ 718 Static Sensor be
connected to an electrical ground.  This
can be accomplished by having the user
holding the instrument connected to
ground through either a static control wrist
strap, or while wearing static control
footwear.  The enclosure of the 718 is
made of conductive plastic and is,
therefore, electrically connected to
whomever is holding the instrument.  In
addition, ground for the instrument can be
provided through the Voltage Monitor
Output on the front of the case.

The 718 Static Sensor is a precision
electronic instrument.  Improper use or
rough treatment can damage the unit, and
render it incapable of providing accurate

3.1 Turning the unit ON and OFF: To

turn on the 718 Static Sensor,
momentarily press down on the
membrane switch labeled POWER.
Determining that the power is on can
be verified by seeing that the liquid-
crystal display (LCD) is on, and that
the red light-emitting diodes in the
front of the sensor are lit.  To shut off
the 718 Static Sensor, momentarily
press down on the membrane switch

labeled POWER.  Determining that
the power is off can be verified by
seeing that the liquid-crystal display
(LCD) is off.

3.2 Making Electrostatic Voltage

Measurements: hold the instrument 1-
inch (2.54 cm) away from the object
being measured.  The display will
update with the voltage measurement
in kilovolts.  If the measured voltage
is greater than the measurement range
of the instrument, a  


will be

displayed.  At this time, switch to

a greater range.  If over-ranging

occurs even with the 20 kV range
activated, the static charge on the
object cannot be measured with the
718 Static Sensor.

3.3 Measurement Range: all measurements

are in kilovolts (kV) as stated on the
front label of the unit.   The 718 has
two measurement ranges:  0-2 kV and
0-20 kV.  The unit’s current
measurement range mode can be
verified by checking the display.  
Three digits following the decimal
point indicate that the unit is in 0-2 kV
range.  Two digits following the
decimal point indicate that the sensor
is in 0-20 kV range.  To change
between measurement ranges, press 
the RANGE/HOLD button once,

3.4 HOLD Function: in the event that the

user wishes to freeze the current
measurement, the HOLD function of
the 718 Static Sensor may be used.
Simply press the HOLD switch
momentarily and the currently
displayed voltage will be frozen.  


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A HOLD notice will also be
displayed to alert the user that the
instrument is currently in HOLD
status.  To unfreeze the display and
return to floating measurement,
momentarily press the HOLD switch
once again.   Please note that during
HOLD condition the distance-
indicating LED’s are turned off.

3.5 Zero adjustment: the 3M™ 718 Static

Sensor has a zero adjustment
function, which sets a zero reference
point for all subsequent
measurements.  This zero reference
can be set by pointing the instrument
at a known zero-voltage surface, and
holding down the RANGE/ZERO
button for longer than 3 seconds.
After 3 seconds, the display will flash
and adjust to zero.  Repeat this step
for both the 2 kV and the 20 kV
ranges.  The zero adjustment should
be performed every time the unit is
turned on.

3.6 Measurement Accuracy:

3.6.1 Distance Indicator: the 718 Static

Sensor is factory calibrated to give
accurate measurements when it is
placed one inch (2.54 cm) away
from the object to be measured.  To
assist the user in gauging this
distance, two light-emitting diodes
(LED’s) are present on the front face
of the instrument.  These LED’s
emit two red, bullseye targets on the
surface of the object being measured.
As the instrument gets closer to the
one inch measurement distance, the
bullseyes begin to converge.  When
they converge and become one, the
instrument is approximately one
inch away, and the measurement can
be made.  
For more accurate measurements, 
it is recommended that the user
manually measure the distance
between the front housing of the
instrument and the object 
being measured.

3.6.2 Accuracy and Size of Object to be

Measured: the minimum surface
area on an electrostatically charged
object which can be accurately
measured is a 5 square inch 
(32.3 cm


) area.

3.6.3 Measurements from Greater than

One Inch (2.54 cm) Away: in the
event that a one inch separation
between object-to-be measured and
the 718 cannot be achieved, it is
possible to get approximate
readings.  This can be accomplished
by holding the instrument at
multiples of one inch (two inches,
three inches, etc.) away from the
object.  The measurement reading is
then adjusted according to the
following equation:

Measurement distance (in inches) x 
displayed voltage (in kilovolts) = 
approximate voltage in kilovolts


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3.7 Continuous Output: an output jack is

provided on the front of the 3M™
718 Static Sensor.  This output can 
be used to feed a continuous signal
into a data storage device for
continuous monitoring of measured
voltages.  Please use a 3/32 inch (2.5
mm) mono-phone plug to connect
into the output jack.  The output is
designed to drive a digital voltmeter
with an input impedance of greater
than 50 k


.  The output signal is

dependent on the measurement range
currently selected.  For the low (2
kV) range, the output signal is 1/1000
of the measured electrostatic voltage.
For the high (20 kV) range, the
output signal is 1/10,000 of the
measured voltage.

3.8 Automatic Shut-Off: the 718 Static

Sensor will automatically shut-off 20
minutes after the last switch activity.
This is done in order to conserve
battery power.  In the event that the
user needs to have the unit stay ON
continuously, when turning the unit
on depress the POWER AND
RANGE switches simultaneously.
This deactivates the Automatic Shut-
Off feature.  The BAT indicator will
then flash three times to indicate that
the automatic shut-off features has
been disabled.  The Automatic Shut-
Off feature will reset itself the next
time the instrument is turned on.

4.0 Operation and Use of the

718A Air Ionizer Test Kit

It is recommended that the user be familiar
with ionizer test standards ANSI/ESD S3.1
and draft standard ESD DSP3.3 if the
3M™ 718A Air Ionizer Test Kit is used to
perform verification testing on ionizer

4.1 Assembly: slide the charge plate over

the 718 Static sensor until it stops.
The charge plate slides onto the lower
groove, on the sides of the 718.

4.2 Charging the plate: holding the 718

Static Sensor (with charge plate
attached) in one hand, use the other
hand to touch the probe of the 718A
Charger to the charge plate.  Press
either the 


button (for a positive

voltage) or the 

button (for a negative

voltage), then remove the probe from
the charge plate.  Be sure to keep the
button pressed while removing the
probe from the charge plate.  The
display on the 3M™ 718 Static Sensor
will indicate a positive or negative
charging voltage (1.1kV minimum).
If a voltage of less than ±1.1kV is
displayed, check to see if the low
battery indicator on the 718A Charger
is illuminated.  If illuminated, replace
the battery in the charger.  If the unit
continues to supply an incorrect
voltage to the charge plate, please
contact 3M for additional instructions.


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4.3 Testing ionizer discharge time: after

charging the plate, hold the 718
approximately one foot (30.5 cm)
away from the ionizer.  Monitor the
display to see how quickly the 1.1 kV
charge is dissipated to 0.1 kV.  The
speed at which this occurs (the
discharge time) indicates how well
the ionizer is operating.  Please refer
to the specific ionizer’s operating
manual or consult with the ionizer
manufacturer to determine what this
discharge time should be.  Repeat this
procedure for both a positively and a
negatively charged plate.

4.4 Testing ionizer offset balance: zero

the charge plate by touching it with a
grounded object.  This can either be
the finger of a grounded person or
some other item which is connected
to electrical ground.  In either case,
zeroing the charge plate should make
the display on the 718 read zero.
Hold the 718 approximately one foot
(30.5 cm) in front of the ionizer.

Monitor the display.  The value
displayed is the offset balance of the
ionizer, which is the difference
between the number of positive and
negative ions being emitted. Please
refer to the specific ionizer’s
operating manual or consult with the
ionizer manufacturer to determine
what this offset balance should be.

5.0 Service/Calibration

5.1 Service and Repair: in the event that

you believe the 718 Static Sensor or
the  3M™ 718A Air Ionizer Test Kit
is in need of repair, please contact
your local 3M representative for
troubleshooting help, and, as needed,
repair information.  There are no
user-serviceable parts on either

5.2 Calibration: the 718 and 718A

products are supplied by the factory
pre-calibrated.  3M does not specify a
minimum calibration cycle for the
718 or 718A products.  The user,
usually according to internal Quality
procedures, determines calibration
cycles.  3M does offer calibration
services on these instruments.  Please
contact your local 3M representative
for information on this service.  In the
event that the user wishes to perform
a self-calibration, the following steps
should be followed for the 718 Static
Sensor (user-calibration not possible
on the 718A Air Ionizer Test kit).

5.3 Equipment Needed:

Test fixture
High-Voltage Power Supply,

capable of supplying voltages up 
to 10,000 V


with > 50 k



impedance, capable of measuring
voltages down to the µV range.


with a 3/32 inch (2.5mm)

mono plug and secondary connector
to interface with voltmeter


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5.4 Test fixture:

Metal plate

of at least 5 square

inches area (38.7 cm


) area.

Metal stand

capable of supporting

718, and holding it one inch (2.54
cm) away from the metal plate,


on the plate with which

it can interface with the high voltage
power supply.


on the metal stand with

which it can be connected to
electrical ground.

5.5 Procedure:
5.5.1 Place the 3M™ 718 Static Sensor on

the metal stand.  Verify that it is
exactly one inch (2.54 cm) away from
the metal plate, and that its position is
centered relative to the plate.

5.5.2 Connect the stand to ground.
5.5.3 Turn on the 718 Static Sensor and

set it to the 2 kV range.

5.5.4 Ground the plate.  Zero the display.
5.5.5 Remove the ground from the plate,

and connect it to the high voltage
power supply.  Apply a 1 kV charge
to the plate.

5.5.6 The instrument should now be

reading 1.000.  If it is not, remove
the battery door and use a
screwdriver to turn the small screw
located inside the battery
compartment. Use a small
screwdriver to turn the small screw,
located on the front right side of the
instrument.  This screw should
adjust the reading on the display.
Once the display has been adjusted
to read 1.000, the low range of the
718 is now calibrated.

5.5.7 Repeat procedures 5.5.2 - 5.5.6  for

the 20 kV range of the meter, using
a test voltage of 5,000 volts.


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6.0 Physical Characteristics    (All values typical)

(at 1 inch (2.54 cm) distance from sensor to target)


718 Static Sensor


0.85" (H) x 2.4" (W) x 4.15" (L)
2.2 cm (H) x 6.1 cm (W) x 10.5 cm (L)


4.5 oz. (128 g) with battery

Operating Conditions

41º F - 95º  F (5º C - 35º C)
up to 80% RH, non-condensing
Indoor use only
For use at altitudes below 42, 300 ft. (2000 m)
Pollution Degree II
Class III


Conductive Polycarbonate

Power Requirements

One 9-volt alkaline battery

Measurement Ranges

0 – 2 kV
0 – 20 kV

Voltage Display

3 1/2 digit liquid crystal display

Display Resolution

1 V/inch (0.39 V/cm)  @ low range
10 V/inch (3.9 V/cm)  @ high range
+/- 10 counts

Display Update Rate

3 Hz

Voltage Output Jack

3/32 in. (2.5 mm) monophone
Tip: signal
Sleeve: ground

Voltage Output

1/1000 of measured voltage        @ low range
1/10,000 of measured voltage     @ high range

Automatic Shut-off

20 minutes after last switch activity

Operating Time for Battery

Greater than 50 hours, with new battery, @ 21º C
Continuous usage

Distance Indicator

LED targets.  Aligned targets indicate 1 in. 
(2.54 cm) measurement distance

Measurement Accuracy

within 5% of measured voltage

Measurement Stability

± 10 counts


UL, C-UL, CE, CB-scheme, NOM


718A Air Ionizer Test Kit

Charge Plate Assembly

Per ESD Association Draft Standard D3.3
Aluminum bracket
Bare stainless steel plate
Teflon spacers isolate plate from bracket

Charge Plate Bracket Dimensions

1"  (H)  x  3.1" (W)  x  4.25" (L)
2.5 cm (H)  x  7.9 cm (W)  x  10.8 cm (L)

Charge Plate Area

3.25" (W)  x  1.25" (L)
8.3 cm (W)  x  3.2 cm (L)

Charge Plate Assembly Weight

2.5 oz (70 g)

Charger Dimensions

0.85" (H) x 2.4" (W) x 5.0" (L)
2.2 cm (H) x 6.1 cm (W) x 12.7 cm (L)

Charger Weight

6 oz.  (170 g) with battery

Charger Power Requirements

One 9 volt alkaline battery

Charger Output

1.1kV minimum for positive or negative voltage

(using 718 with charge plate)

UL, C-UL, CE, CB-scheme, NOM


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7.0 Parts Listing

3M™ 718 Static Sensor

1 ea. 718 Static Sensor
1 ea. 718/718A Operator’s Manual
1 ea. Certificate of Conformance

3M™ 718A Air Ionizer Test Kit

1 ea. 718A Charge Plate Assembly
1 ea. 718A Charger
1 ea. 718/718A Operator’s Manual 
1 ea. Certificate of Conformance

8.0 Contact Information:

Customer and Technical Service

Within the U.S. : Customer service and
technical support can be obtained by
calling the 3M Electronic Handling &
Protection Division

Customer Service: (800) 328-1368
Technical Support: (512) 984-3200

Outside of the U.S.: For customer service
and technical support, please contact your
local representative of the 3M Electronic
Handling & Protection Division.


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Electronic and Interconnect Solutions Division 

6801 River Place Blvd.
Austin, TX 78726-9000


Important Notice:

All statements, technical information, 
and recommendations related to 3M’s
products are based on information 
believed to be reliable, but the accuracy 
or completeness is not guaranteed. Before
using this product, you must evaluate it and
determine if it is suitable for your intended
application.You assume all risks and
liability associated with such use. Any
statements related to the product which is
not contained in 3M’s current publications,
or any contrary statements contained on
your purchase order shall have no force 
or effect unless expressly agreed upon, 
in writing, by an authorized officer of 3M. 

Warranty; Limited Remedy; Limited

This product will be free from defects 
in material and manufacture for a period 
of one year from the time of purchase. 


If this product is defective within the
warranty period stated above, your
exclusive remedy shall be, at 3M’s option,
to replace or repair the 3M product or
refund the purchase price of the 3M

Except where prohibited by 

law, 3M will not be liable for any indirect,
special, incidental or consequential loss
or damage arising from this 3M product,
regardless of the legal theory asserted.

Litho in USA

© 3M 2002


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