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Clarke KING 135 Operating & Maintenance Manual

Made by: Clarke
Type: Operating & Maintenance Manual
Category: Pressure Washer
Pages: 10
Size: 1.61 MB

 

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OPERATING & MAINTENANCE

INSTRUCTIONS

0702

KING 135

HOT WASHER

Part No. 7320512

KING 135

HOT WASHER

 


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2

SPECIFICATIONS

Motor .................................................................... 230V 50hz

Power Rating ........................................................ 2.0kW

Fuse Rating .......................................................... 13Amps

Sound Power Level .............................................. 73dBL

WA

Pump Pressure ..................................................... 100bar (1500psi)

Hot Wash Operating Temp. ................................ 90

O

c

Water Flow Rate ................................................... 8.3 l/min

Fuel Capacity ...................................................... 4 litres (1 gal)

Dimensions .......................................................... 600X400X680mm

Please note that the details and specifications contained herein, are correct at the time of going to

print. However, CLARKE International reserve the right to change specifications at any time without

prior notice. Always consult the machine’s data plate

DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY

We declare that this product complies with the following standards/directives

Serial No......See product data plate

Signed  ..........................................................

©  Copyright, Clarke International. All rights reserved, July 2002

19

 


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Thank you for purchasing this KING 135 Hot Washer.
This machine is a lightweight, portable, high pressure power washer,
designed for DIY and light commercial use ONLY
It comprises an electric motor, a pump, a high pressure hose with a trigger
and lance, and an adaptor for injecting foam or cleaning agents into the
water jet. Additionally, a burner is incorporated to provide hot water when
required for  hot washing.
Before attempting to use your Hot Washer, please read this instruction
manual thoroughly and follow all instructions carefully. By doing so you will
ensure the safety of yourself and that of others around you, and you can
look forward to it giving you long and satisfactory service.

GUARANTEE

This CLARKE product is guaranteed against faulty manufacture for a
period of 12 months from the date of purchase. Please keep your receipt
as proof of purchase. This guarantee is invalid if the product is found to
have been abused or tampered with in any way, or not used for the
purpose for which it was intended.

Faulty goods should be returned to their place of purchase, no product
can be returned to us without prior permission. This guarantee does not
effect your statutory rights.

3

CONTENTS

Safety Precautions ....................................................................... 4

Electrical Connections ................................................................ 6

Assembly and Preparation for Use ............................................ 7

Operation

Cold Wash .............................................................. 9

Hot Wash ................................................................ 10

Maintenance ............................................................................... 11

Thermal Overload ................................................. 13

Parts Diagram .............................................................................. 14

Parts List ........................................................................................ 15

Troubleshooting ........................................................................... 16

Accessories ................................................................................. 17

Parts and Service Contacts ........................................................ 17

Specifications .............................................................................. 19

18

 


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SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

WARNING

Water at high pressure can be dangerous and may cause severe

damage to persons or property if subject to misuse.

NEVER allow anyone to operate this equipment unless they are

thoroughly reliable and completely familiar with the safety precautions.

1.

Never direct the spray jet at any person
or animal.

2.

Never hold a finger over the high
pressure nozzle.

3.

Never direct the spray jet at the
machine itself or any other electrical
equipment.

4.

After use, and before disconnecting hoses, release the pressure in the
high pressure hose by operating the trigger. Do not attempt to
disconnect any hose or coupling with pressure still in the hose.

5.

Never operate the machine with any of the covers removed.

6.

Do not, attempt any electrical or mechanical repair. If you have a
problem with your machine contact your local dealer or Clarke
Customer Services Dept., tel: 020 8988 7400

7.

Never supply any liquid other than water to the water inlet.

8.

Use only chemical cleaning agents (detergents) approved for power
washing when using the chemical injection facility.

9.

Never use the chemical injection facility to introduce solvents e.g..
paint hinners,  petrol, oil, etc.

10. Do not operate the machine whilst standing on ladders: use a platform

tower or scaffolding.

11. Children should not be allowed to use the machine.

12. We recommend the use of safety goggles when using machine in

any application where loose particles of stone or grit etc. may be
blown around by the high pressure spray.

13. When not in use, disconnect from the water and electrical supply’s,

and ensure the system is completely drained. Store in a dry, frost free
environment.

4

PARTS & SERVICE TEL:  020 8988 7400

or    e-mail as follows:

PARTS:   Parts@clarkeinternational.com

SERVICE:    Service@clarkeinternational.com

For Spare Parts and Service,please contact your nearest dealer, or CLARKE International,

on one of the following numbers.

PARTS and SERVICE CONTACTS

17

ACCESSORIES

A range of accessories designed for use with your washer are available
from your Clarke dealer, as follows:

Part No.

Rotary Brush ............................................................ 7310160

Water Sandblaster .................................................. 7310161

Drain Cleaner ......................................................... 7310163

Heavy Duty Extension Hose (10M) ........................ 7310162

Traffic Film Remover 5 litre ..................................... 3050821

Traffic Film Remover 25 litre ................................... 3050820

Wash ‘n Wax 5 litre .................................................. 3050815

 


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14. Disconnect from the mains supply before carrying out any

maintenance or servicing.

15. Never pull the washer by the power cable, or yank the cable it to

disconnect  from the socket. Keep the cable away from heat, oil or
sharp  edges.

16. Observe all precautions

regarding the use of
flammable liquids when filling
the fuel tank.

17. Take care when handling the

lance when hot washing.
The metal components can
become very hot.  It is
strongly advised that a good
pair of industrial gloves be
worn.

IMPORTANT:

If the machine must be used in an enclosed area, ensure the burner

exhaust is vented to the outside atmosphere.

All venting must be in accordance with applicable laws and local

ordinances for such installations.

5

18. DO NOT operate the machine indoors or in enclosed areas without

adequate ventilation, or in areas where flammable vapours (Petrol,
solvents etc.), may be present.

19. This machine MUST be connected to the mains supply via a Residual

Current Device (RCD)

TROUBLE SHOOTING

Should the machine fail to operate, despite carrying ou the above procedures, it is probable
that it requires servicing. Please contact your Clarke dealer.

Pressure drop

Pressure fluctuations or
pressure drop

Oil leakage

Motor does not start
when switched on

Motor hums when
switched on and does
not start

Motor cuts out

Additives are not being
supplied

Motor operates but no
hot water

Air in system

Worn high pressure nozzle.

Pressure regulator incorrectly set

No water

Water supply hose too long/
too small diameter

No water due to clogged
filter

Worn seals

Plug is not connected
properly.

Mains fuse blown/switched off

Mains voltage too low

Incorrect dia. cable.

Trigger Switch not operated

Machine overheating

O v e r h e a t i n g - T h e r m a l
Overload activated

Nozzle clogged

Injector clogged

Additive container empty

Lance not correctly set

Bleed system by quickly
switching off pistol grip several
times. If necessary operate the
machine briefly without the high
pressure hose  connected.

Renew nozzle

Push nozzle IN or OUT as req’d

Turn on water tap

Use minimum  1/2" dia. water
supply hose

Clean water filter (never operate
without filter)

Contact your CLARKE  distributor

Check plug and lead and have
them replaced by a qualified
electrician if necessary

Rectify

Have electrical conns. checked

Use correct diameter of cable

Operate  trigger

See Heating Overload

Ensure supply voltage and unit
voltage are equal. See Motor
Thermal Overload

Clean using the supplied nozzle
cleaning needle

Clean

Fill additive container

Set the lance to low pressure by
pulling the nozzle out

FAULT

CAUSE

REMEDY

16

Fuse blown

Replace 1 amp fuse (see page 13)
If problem persists, contact your
Clarke dealer.

 


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ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS

WARNING: THIS MACHINE MUST BE EARTHED.

T

his product is provided with a standard 13 amp, 230 volt (50Hz), BS 1363 plug, for

connection to a standard, domestic electrical supply.

Should the plug need changing at any time, ensure that a plug of identical
specification is used.  IMPORTANT: The wires in the mains lead should be wired up
in accordance with the following colour code:

Green & Yellow ................ Earth

Blue .................................... Neutral

Brown ................................. Live

As the colours of the wires in the mains lead may not correspond with the coloured
markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows:

Connect GREEN & YELLOW coloured cord to plug terminal marked
with a letter “E” or Earth symbol “     ”.

Connect BROWN coloured cord to plug terminal marked letter “L”

Connect BLUE coloured cord to plug terminal marked letter “N”

This machine must be connected to the mains supply through a Residual Current
Device (RCD).

FUSE RATING

The fuse in the plug must ASTA approved to BS1362and rated at 13 amps

IMPORTANT:

If this appliance is fitted with a plug which is moulded onto the electric cable (i.e.
non-rewireable) :

1.

The plug must be thrown away if it is cut from the electric cable. There is a
danger of electric shock if it is subsequently inserted into a socket outlet.

2.

Never use the plug without the fuse cover fitted.

3.

Should you wish to replace a detachable fuse carrier, ensure that the correct
replacement is used (as indicated by marking or colour code).

4.

Replacement fuse covers can be obtained from your local dealer or most
electrical stockists.

EXTENSION CABLES

If an extension cable is used, always ensure it is fully unwound. When used
outdoors, ensure the extension cable is specifically designed for outdoor use.

The maximum  extension length is 25 metres. Ensure that the wire sizes in the cable
are at least 2.5mm

2

 in cross section. As a general rule, the extension cable must be

thicker than the cable supplied with the washer.

IF IN DOUBT, CONSULT A QUALIFIED ELECTRICIAN.

Do not attempt any electrical repairs yourself.

6

No.

Description

Part No.

15

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
7
8
9

10
11
12
13
14
15
16
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41

42
43
44
45

PARTS LIST

Cover ..............................................................................
Red Cover .......................................................................
Wheel Pin ........................................................................
Wheel ..............................................................................
Washer .............................................................................
Hub Cap .........................................................................
Bracket ............................................................................
Bracket ............................................................................
Handle ............................................................................
Fuel Tank .........................................................................
Tank Cap ........................................................................
Control Box .....................................................................
Joint .................................................................................
Box Cover .......................................................................
Label ................................................................................
Gasket .............................................................................
Switch ..............................................................................
Cable Fastener ...............................................................
Cable Clamp .................................................................
Pressure Switch ..............................................................
L.P. Hose ..........................................................................
L.P. Hose ..........................................................................
Filter .................................................................................
1ph Motor .......................................................................
O-ring ..............................................................................
Bushing ............................................................................
O-ring ..............................................................................
Pump ...............................................................................
Cap .................................................................................
Pressure Gauge .............................................................
Hose-fitting .....................................................................
Elbow ...............................................................................
Tube .................................................................................
Male Coupling ...............................................................
Tube .................................................................................
Nipple ..............................................................................
Filter .................................................................................
Gasket .............................................................................
Hose Fitting .....................................................................
Connector ......................................................................
H.P. Hose .........................................................................
Lance ..............................................................................
Lance Extension

........ MPVR36616
........ MPVR46081
........ LAFN36486
........ RTRT28559
........ VTRS28558
........ MPVR46574
........ LAFN36487
........ LAFN36488
........ LAFN47234
........ MPVR26981
........ MPVR28928
........ MPVR26978
........ GUGO11309
........ MPVR26979
........ ETET45910
........ GUGO27464
........ MEC127900
........ MEVR20906
........ MPVR27097
........ MEPF28907
........ TBBP00058
........ TBBP04917
........ FTDT04648
........ MOMO31013
........ GUGO21339
........ RCDS21487
........ GUGO21637
........ PPAP21233
........ RCDS12676
........ MNMN37538
........ TBAP27463
........ RCVR00574
........ LAFN27460
........ RCIN03753
........ MPLV27860
........ RCDS27659
........ FTAC09717
........ GUGO21889
........ RCDS23474
........ RCDS23628
........ TBAP20264
........ IPPR43857
........ LCPR43860

 


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ASSEMBLY AND PREPARATION FOR USE

A 3/4” BSP adapter with a 1/2” hose
connector is provided at the low
pressure water inlet, shown at B, Fig.3.
Screw it on to the water inlet, ensuring
the plastic washer provided is inserted.

A suitable hose with a MINIMUM inside
diameter of 1/2” (not supplied), may be
attached, with a worm drive clip (not
supplied), and connected to your
water supply. Alternatively, quick fit
couplings, which are readily available
from most hardware or DIY stores, may
be used.

Turn on the water supply,  and check
for leaks. Rectify if necessary.

Firstly assemble the hose bracket to the frame using the 4 screws and nuts provided.

CAUTION.
The water inlet connection is directly above the diesel fuel filler cap. Ensure the
connection is completely leak free, otherwise there is a possibility of fuel
contamination should the filler cap be inadvertantly loose, or dislodged.

Water Supply

The Lance

2.

Remove the travel plug from the outlet
port, at the front of the machine (A
Fig.2), and screw on the high pressure
hose,  then connect the other end to
the lance (Fig.2A).

1.

The lance is assembled
by screwing the two sections together.

Fig.1.

Fig.3.

Fig.2.

Fig.2A.

7

Tighten the
connections,
but take care not
to overtighten.

Finally, slide the
shroud up, and
over the screw
connection on
the lance, firmly.

PARTS DIAGRAM

14

 


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IMPORTANT:
Before use, ensure the water supply is of adequate volume for your
needs, e.g., if you use a water butt - ensure it contains sufficient water.

Detergents

Fig.4.

Fuel

Unscrew the fuel filler cap (C, Fig.4), and
fill the tank with diesel fuel using an
appropriate size funnel.

If you intend to use the chemical
injection facility, drop the end of the
filter take-up hose, situated at the rear
of the machine and which is fitted with
a filter, into the detergent cannister.

NOTE:
If the filter is loose, ensure it is attached
to the end of the detergent pick-up hose
before use.

Use ONLY those detergents specifically
designed for use with Power Washers.
We recommend the use of CLARKE
Traffic Film Remover, which is a powerful
low foaming agent for car cleaning,
patio cleaning etc., or CLARKE Wash &
Wax, both available from your CLARKE
dealer.

Ensure the detergent is mixed according
to the manufacturers instructions.

See ‘Operation’ for additional
infor mation regarding the use of
detergents.

Fig.5.

Dilute the detergent according
to manufacturers instructions

8

WARNING: DO NOT USE PETROL

13

MOTOR THERMAL OVERLOAD

Should the motor overheat, the motor thermal
overload will intervene.

Allow at least three mins., then remove the main
cover and press the reset button, located
beneath the main ON/OFF switches, protected
by a  transparent cover, shown in Fig 18.

Whilst carrying out this operation, check the
serviceability of the 1amp fuse, adjacent to the
reset button.

Fig.18.

HEATING OVERLOAD

Fig.17.

Should the machine overheat, the thermal
overload will intervene.

Allow at least three mins. before removing the
main cover, unscrewing the protective cap,
on the side of the main junction box,  arrowed
in Fig 17, and  pressing the reset button.

NOTE: The reset buttons will only activate once the temperatures reduce to a safe level. This
should normally take 3 mins. or so, but could be longer depending upon circumstances.
Should the machine stil fail to start, following the reset procedures, then the problem is likely
to be more serious. Contact your Clarke dealer

 


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9

OPERATION

A. COLD WASH

Make certain the PUMP ON/OFF switch mounted on the side of the unit,
(see Fig.3), is set in the ‘O’ OFF position.

Connect the plug to the mains supply, preferably via a Residual Current Device.

Turn the water tap fully on.

When starting, it is IMPORTANT that you adopt the following procedure:

Fig.6.

In order to ease the starting process, and to
prevent the possibility of blown fuses, pull the
trigger on the lance - it may be necessary to
release the safety latch (‘S’ Fig 6) in order to
do so.

Hold the trigger in that position whilst switching the

pump switch, denoted by the  symbol       to ‘I’

(ON), and allow the pump to develop full pressure.

You may release the trigger once full pressure is
developed.

WARNING

Ensure the operator is aware that when the trigger is pulled, water

athigh pressure can cause the lance to kick  it should therefore be

held firmly.

In addition, care must be taken to ensure that the nozzle is NOT

aimed at an area where the water jet will cause damage. i.e. away

from people, animals, windows - greenhouses etc., and be aware

that splash back could also cause damage if the jet is trained on a

nearby wall etc.

In the event that you switch the machine OFF but intend to continue with its
use after a few minutes or so, DO NOT depress the trigger, but set the safety
latch to prevent it from being pulled. This will ease and assist the subsequent
restarting of the motor as pressure will remain equalised on either side of the
pump, thereby reducing the load on the motor when restarting.

NEVER attempt to run the machine with the water supply disconnected
or turned off.

Fig.7.

12

Fig.5.

AFTER FIRST 50 HOURS OF USE.

Carry out the first oil change as follows:

Remove top cover.

Undo the oil drain plug ‘C’ Fig. 13.

Unscrew and remove the dipstick ‘B’ Fig.13,
then drain the oil from the pump.

Replace the drain plug
and fill with oil until the
level is above the centre
of the oil sight glass,
shown at ‘A’ Fig.13 and
in detail in Fig.15, or the
middle of the cutout on
the dipstick .

Subsequently, the oil
should be changed
every 500 hours of
service.

EVERY 50 HOURS

Fig.16.

Clean water filter. Remove the water inlet hose adapter, and withdraw the filter. Clean
thoroughly, or replace if badly contaminated or damaged in any way.

EVERY 200 HOURS

EVERY 100 HOURS

Clean the fuel filter. Disconnect from the fuel line
using a pair of long nose pliers on the retaining
clips, and clean thoroughly in clean diesel fuel.
Ensure no foreign objects are present before
reinstalling. If there are any signs of damage or if
the filter is contaminated - replace it.

It is necessary to have your washer serviced by authorised technicians to descale and
clean the heating coil, clean the fuel pump, change the fuel nozzle, regulate the
electrodes and calibrate and check the safety devices. Please contact your Clarke
dealer.

Fig.13.

Fig.15.

Fig.14.

 


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HIGH and LOW
PRESSURE  
is set by
pulling IN or pushing
OUT the nozzle as
shown in Fig. 8.

10

NOTE: The detergent facility will ONLY operate at LOW PRESSURE

B.  HOT WASH

Follow the same procedure as for the cold
wash, but switch the burner ON once the
pump has been switched ON, by pressing
the rocker switch on the side of the unit,

denoted by the  symbol                  to‘I’ (ON).

If the burner does not start or smoke issues
from the exhaust, it is likely that the fuel system
requires bleeding. To do this, first remove the
top cover, ensuring the machine is
disconnected from the mains supply, then
open the bleed valve shown in Fig.11 . When fuel is emmitted, retighten the
valve, and replace the top cover.

Take care when using the HOT WASH facility. DO NOT forget that certain
components get extremely hot during operation, and will remain so for a period
after switching OFF. This includes the metal parts of the lance.

High pressure may also be regulated at
the knob on top of the unit, shown at ‘A’
in Fig. 10. By turning clockwise the
pressure is reduced. A scale alongside
the knob  ‘B’,  registers the outlet pressure.

USING DETERGENTS

Detergents will automaticlly be  drawn
and mixed with the water jet when the
nozzle is set to LOW PRESSURE.

Fig.8.

Fig.9.

Fig.11.

Fig.10.

IN -HIGH pressure       OUT - LOW pressure

Additionally a FAN SPRAY may be used by twisting the nozzle as shown in Fig.9.

C.  SHUTTING DOWN THE MACHINE

If the burner has been used, switch it OFF FIRST by pressing the rocker
switch, on the side of the unit, to ‘O’ (OFF).
Allow the pump to run for a minute or so until the water being ejected is
cold then switch OFF the pump by pressing the switch to ‘O’ (OFF).

If the chemical injection facility has been used, set the lance to HIGH
pressure, and allow the pump to run for a minute or so until the water
being ejected is cold and foam free,then switch OFF the pump by pressing
the switch to ‘O’ (OFF).

Disconnect from the mains electrical supply, and turn OFF the water supply
- disconnect where appropriate.

Operate the lance trigger once more to ensure there is no pressure in the high
pressure hose. NEVER disconnect High pressure hose without operating trigger.

MAINTENANCE

WARNING:

Ensure the machine is disconnected from the mains supply before

carrying out any adjustment, servicing or maintenance.

AFTER EACH USE

When using chemical detergents, always ensure the system is thoroughly flushed
out after use as described in ‘Shutting Down The Machine’above.

Ensure the hoses and power cable are coiled and properly stowed. DO
NOT allow them to be left casually, in a heap. This invites damage and will
cause rapid deterioration. Take care NOT to drape the hoses/cables over
the hot exhaust. Check to ensure they are fully serviceable.

STORAGE

Fig.11.

Store the Hot Washer preferably under
cover, protected from the elements.
If there is a danger of freezing, the pump
should be filled with antifreeze by inserting
the inlet and outlet hoses into a bucket
of antifreeze as shown in Fig.10. Start the
machine and allow the antifreeze to
circulate. After a short time stop the
machine using the procedure outlined
above, and store the machine with the
antifreeze still within the pump body.

11